What skin conditions can chemical peels help to improve?
Chemical peels have been utilised to combat a wide variety of skin ailments including acne & skin complaints such as superficial wrinkles, age spots, hyperpigmentation, light stretch marks, dark circles under they eyes & many more conditions.
Which areas of skin can be treated with a chemical peel?
Most commonly the face is treated with a chemical peel but the body can also be chemically peeled too.
Will the procedure hurt?
Superficial chemical peels are likely to cause a tingling sensation in the skin after the peel has been performed but they are unlikely to cause pain. Medium depths peels are likely to make the skin slightly sore but this slight discomfort can be alleviated by a cool fan or cold compresses to the area of the treated skin. Phenol (deep) chemical peels are most likely to cause pain. As a reuslt the client must be given an anaesthetic, prior to the peel to reduce any potential pain that they might experience.
Is there a difference between the Medik8 Light Peels & the traditional Superficial peels?
The traditional classification of a “Superficial” peel is very general & included anything that removed the epidermis from stratum corneum (very top layer of the epidermis) to the stratum basal (deep layer of the epidermis) – there is consequently varying side-effects & downtime depending on exactly where the peel reaches. The Medik8 Light Peels remove part of all of the epidermis, from stratum corneum to stratum spinosum – meaning a more accurate prediction on the length & amount of peeling the client should expect, can be given.
What is the difference between the Medik8 Light Peels & Medik8 Superfacial?
Superfacial is classified by Medik8 as a “Natural Peel”; Superfacial is an enzyme peel that works by digesting the very superficial layer of the epidermis (stratum corneum). It is an extremely mild form of chemical peel & can be used on all skin types. Superfacial provides a fresher appearance to the skin & an improvement in skin texture by removing the corneal layer, improving melasma & sun spots, & by reducing comedones. Superfacial is ideal for clients with hypersensitive skin or those undergoing their first peeling procedure. It can be repeated at regular intervals with no downtime.Thee Medik8 Light peels remove part or all of the epidermis, from stratum corneum to stratum spinosum. The Medik8 Light peels contain AHAs & BHAs to effectively target different skin concerns, This is a stronger type of peel than Superfacial which a very mild treatment that can be used on all skin types with a very low level of risk. Medik8 Light Peels can be considered as the next step up in skin rejuvenation.
What is s Sub-Medium Peel suitable for treating?
Medik8 Sub-Medium Peel involves the destruction of the epidermis from stratum corneum to stratum basal. This offers deeper peeling than the Medik8 Light Peels, without reaching the dermis & therefore needing the additional downtime & treatment time (anaesthetic) as a Medium Peel.
Are there any side-effects of chemical peels?
After the chemical peel the skin will appear to be red, may feel itchy & tingle slightly but these are only temporary effects. However, regardless of the chemical peel you are treated with, these side-effects will occur. Conversely the most serious side effects such as hyperpigmentation, acne & scarring, etc, are limited in frequency. The majority of serious side- effects are a direct result of poorly administered peels.
What are the risks of chemical peels?
Superficial peels are quite safe, although minor irritation of the skin can occur. the risk of deep peels can include infection, scarring, redness, & discolouration. During a very deep peel (administered under the care of a physician only), anaesthetic should be used & vital signs are monitored.
What will my skin feel life after a chemical peel?
The state of your skin after a peel depends on the type of chemical used & your skin condition. Superficial peels have limited effects. Medium peels may cause some redness & the deeper peels may require 10-14 days to recover.
What skin physiology changes & benefits occur in the skin with a chemical peel?
Chemical peels induce controlled damage of the skin which releases cytokines & inflammatory mediators, resulting in thickening of the epidermis, deposition & reorientation of connective tissue, reorganisation of structural elements & increase in dermal volume. The result is an improved clinical appearance of the skin with fewer wrinkles and decreased pigmentation marks.
How do skin peels help in reducing hyperpigmentation?
Pigmentation marks are an accumulation of melanin in the epidermis & are seen on the surface of the skin as a brown spot. Application of the peels can help to disperse the basal layer melanin to even out the skin discolouration & improve the unsightly pigmentation marks.
If a person has particularly oily skin will the peel work as efficiently?
Oily, greasy & sebaceous skin usually reqquires priming & de-fatting before the procedure to assure even penetration of the peeling solution. Medik8 Pre-Peel solution is ideal for de-fatting the skin as it contains acetome & ethanol to remove the oily film on top of the skin’s surface. General skin types can benefit from having the pre-peel solution applied to maximise the effects of the peeling solution.
What is the purpose of the pre-peel solution?
The pre-peel solution contains acetone & ethanol to de-fat the skin. This is necessary for proper penetration of the peeling agent because some of the acids are not lipid soluble.
Can we use retinol as a pre-peel product instead of the Pre-Peel Solution?
We would not advise to use the Retinol 40 Peel as a replacement for the pre-peel solution, the purpose of the pre-peel solution is to act as de-fatting products which works to strip the skin of any excess sebum & dead skin cells & therefore ensure the peel will penetrate evenly. A more suitable alternative would be an alcohol-based toner which would also lower the pH of the skin.
How do skin peels work?
Skin peels cause an exfoliating action by breaking up the bonds between the skin cells which bind the dead skin cells to the surface. the peel solution reduces the cohesion between corneocytes & keratinocytes in the superficial layers with removal of the corneal layer & subsequent stimulation of the skin. By decreasing corneocyte cohesion, they induce exfoliation of the epidermis. This caused a mild sloughing (peeling) action leaving behind a smoother, softer skin. In addition, AHAs help to clean pores by killing bacteria causing acne, at the same time stimulating the production of collagen & elastin in the epidermis & smoothing out imperfections in darker complexions.
What makes Mandelic Acid gentler than Glycolic Acid; causing minimal irritation?
Mandelic Acid is well tolerated by virtually all skin types including sensitive skin because of its larger molecular size. it is absorbed at a slower rate than glycolic acid & does not disrupt the melanin int he skin & therefore has comparably fewer side-effects.
Is it necessary to neutralise after the peel application?
Use of a neutraliser to terminate the action of the peel provides flexibility & control over the procedure. Medik8 peel solutions are a combination of AHAs & BHAs, BHAs are self neutralising so would not require additional neutralisation – however AHAs do not induce enough coagulation of the skin proteins & therefore cannot neutralise themselves & must be neutralised. This can be done by the application of the Medik8 Neutralising Spray which stops the action of the acid.
Can the depth of the peel be varied?
The clinician/aesthetician can vary the depth of the peel by altering the number of coats applied & monitoring the peel frost or facial whitening as an indication of depth desired. The more acid applied the deeper the peel & aestheticians need to be highly controlled when applying the solution.
What is the white frost that appears on the skin after application of the peel solution?
The change in colouration of the skin to a whitish tint is called frost. This represents the end stage of the chemical peel & shows that keratin agglutination has occurred.
Is it necessary to prime the skin prior to having a skin peel?
Skin priming is essential for at least 2 – 4 weeks prior to the procedure. Priming helps to reduce wound healing time, encourages uniform penetration of the peeling agent, enforces patient compliance & reduces the risk of complications.
Does the skin priming differ if you are combining the chemical peels with the Retinol 10TR peel?
It is recommended to follow the usual skin priming protocol, but to also incorporate Retinol 10TR or 6TR into the daily skincare regime prior to their next peeling procedure.
How do the different strengths of Medik8 peel solutions work?
Medik8 base the peel strengths on the equivalent strength of glycolic acid. This is because 30% glycolic acid is therapist standard. Rather than giving out percentages of the acids we use, we calculated the equivalent pKa of Glycolic acid at 30% and made equivalent strength formulas.
What is the pH of the peels?
The Medik8 Eye Peel is 20% & Medik8 Peel is 30% – this represent the equivalent glycolic acid strength at 20% & 30% – the pH is 2 -3. The Medik8 30% & & 70% peels are anhydrous & pH equivalent of 2.0 – 3.0 for the 30% & 1.0 – 1.2 for the 70%.